Coronaviruses are named for the crown-like spikes on the surface. There are 4 main sub-groupings of coronaviruses. Alpha, beta, gamma, and delta. Human coronaviruses were first identified in the mid-1960s. The seven coronaviruses that can infect people are;
People commonly get infected with human coronaviruses 229E, NL63, and HKU1. SOmetimes coronaviruses that infect animals can evolve and make people sick and become a new human coronavirus. A few would be 2019-nCoV, SARS-CoV, and MERS-CoV.
This test uses a long swab to collect material, including physical pieces of coronavirus, from the back of the nose where it meets the throat.
Looks for antibodies that are made by your immune system in response to a threat, such as a specific virus.